Management Development

Management Development is best described as the process from which managers learn and improve their skills not only to benefit themselves but also their employing organization. In organizational development (OD), the effectiveness of management is recognized as one of the determinants of organizational success. Therefore, investment in management development can have a direct economic benefit to the organization. Managers are exposed to learning opportunities whilst doing their jobs, if this informal learning is used as a formal process then it is regarded as management development.
What management development includes:
1. structured informal learning: work-based methods aimed at structuring the informal learning which will always take place
2. formal training courses of various kinds: from very specific courses on technical aspects of jobs to courses on wider management skills
3. education: which might range from courses for (perhaps prospective) junior managers or team leaders :
1. Level 2 Team leading (ILM)
2. NVQ Level 3
3. Certificate in Management /Studies
4. Diploma in Management /Studies
5. MSc/MA in management or Master of Business Administration (MBA) degrees.
The term 'leadership' is often used almost interchangeably with 'management' Leadership which deals with emotions is an important component of management which is about rational thinking.
The Management Charter Initiative (MCI) originally set out management competencies for management S/NVQ’s, these competencies are now part of the National Qualification Framework (NQF), it is from these competencies that managers can be assessed and development needs determined.
There are many Approaches to Management Development :
1. Dysfunction analysis
2. Mentoring
3. Coaching
4. Job rotation
5. Professional development
6. Business Work flow Analysis
7. Upward feedback
8. Executive education
9. Supervisory training
Many management qualifications now have an action learning element. Action Learning recognizes that individuals learn best from experience, so that process is structured. Action Learning sets allow individuals to try out different approaches to solving issues and problems.
One of the biggest growth areas in UK education since the early 1980’s has been the growth of university level management education. As well as weekly part time attendance at College/University many students are also undertaking distance learning. Whereas there were only two business schools in the early 1970’s, there are now over a hundred providers offering undergraduate, postgraduate and professional courses.
Resumed from Wikipedia

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